A. Active to Passive Transformations:
Put the following sentences into the passive voice or form. Once you have decided on your answer, click on the arrow to see if you have answered correctly. Remember that the agent should not be used unless important. For more information about how to use the passive voice, refer to this passive chart.
- They make shoes in that factory. Shoes — are made in that factory.
- People must not leave bicycles in the driveway. Bicycles — must not be left in the driveway.
- They built that skyscraper in 1934. That skyscraper — was built in 1934.
- The students will finish the course by July. The course — will be finished by July.
- They are repairing the streets this month. The streets — are being repaired this month.
- They make these tools of plastic. These tools — are made of plastic.
- They have finished the new product design. The new product design — has been finished .
- They were cooking dinner when I arrived. Dinner — was being cooked when I arrived.
- Smithers painted ‘Red Sunset’ in 1986. ‘Red Sunset’ — was painted in 1986 by Smithers.
- Did the plan interest you? — Were you interested in the plan?
- They had finished the preparations by the time the guests arrived. The preparations — had been finished by the time the guests arrived.
- You should take care when working on electrical equipment. Care — should be taken when working on electrical equipment.
- They are going to perform Beethoven’s Fifth Symphony next weekend. Beethoven’s Fifth Symphony — is going to be performed next weekend.
- Someone will speak Japanese at the meeting. Japanese — will be spoken at the meeting.
- Karen is going to prepare the refreshments. The refreshments — are going to be prepared by Karen.
B. Passive to Active Transformations
Take the following sentences in the passive voice and put them into the active voice. Once you have decided on your answer, click on the arrow to see if you have answered correctly. For more information about how to use the passive voice, refer to this passive voice:
Top of Form
- The instructions have been changed. Someone — has changed the instructions.
- She will have to be taught. Someone — will have to teach her.
- This car was manufactured in Japan by Toyota. Toyota — manufactured this car in Japan.
- Why aren’t the exercises being finished on time? Why — aren’t you finishing the exercises on time?
- Last year 2,000 new units had been produced by the time we introduced the new design. We — had produced 2,000 new units by the time we introduced the new design last year.
- Casual clothes must not be worn. You — must not wear casual clothes.
- $400,000 in profit has been reported this year. The company — has reported $400,000 in profit this year.
- The test will be given at five o’clock this afternoon. The school — will give the test at five o’clock this afternoon.
- Students are required to wear uniforms at all times. The school — requires students to wear uniforms at all times.
- This rumor must have been started by our competitors. Our competitors — must have started this rumor.
- All work will have been completed by five o’clock this evening. You — will have completed all work by five o’clock this evening.
- We were told to wait here. Someone — told us to wait here.
- Lunch was being served when we arrived. They — were serving lunch when we arrived.
- Lectures are recorded and posted on the Internet. They — record and post lectures on the Internet.
- Portuguese has always been spoken in this village. People in this village — have always spoken Portuguese.
C. Gerund and Preposition Use Quiz
Complete the sentences by using a preposition and the words in parentheses. Remember that verbs should be put into the gerund form as they follow a preposition.
Top of Form
- Jack decided on chicken instead — of ordering steak (order/steak).
- I’m interested — in watching a film (watch/film) by Alfred Hitchcock.
- He apologized — for being late (be/late).
- I certainly can’t blame you — for not wanting (not/want) to come.
- She’s thinking — about OR of studying in England (study/England).
- We are really very excited — about hiking in the Andes (hike/Andes) this coming summer.
- Katherine isn’t really used — to walking to work (walk/work).
- We thanked them — for driving us home (drive/us/home) after the football game.
- Could you please tell me who is responsible — for accepting applications (accept/applications)?
- I’m sure she has a good reason — for not being here (not/be/here).
D. QUESTIONS ABOUT THE PAST FORM:
- They _____ while I was cooking dinner. were cleaning up/ cleaning/ had cleaning
- There was no food left when I returned. They _____ everything! had eaten/ ate/ were eating
- If she had visited us last summer, she _____ the hikes in the mountains.would have enjoyed/would enjoy/had enjoyed
- I _____ the bags before we left on holiday. Checked/ had checked/ was checking
- She told me she was flying to Chicago last week. She _____ in her hotel room last night. Stays/ have stayed/ stayed
- If he _____ the window he would repair it. Broke/ breaks/ had broke
- By the time the presentation began, they _____ their discussion. Completed/had completed/ were completing
- If I _____ you, I would finish my homework! Had been/ were/ would be
- She is very intelligent. She _____ that! can’t have thought/couldn’t have thought/mustn’t have thought
10. When I arrived, they _____. stretching their legs/ were stretching their legs/ had been stretching
11. I lit the fire at four and it ______ brightly when Lisa arrived.Burned/ had burned/ was burning
12. I was reading the letter when the wind ______ it out of my hands.was blowing/ blew/ had blown
13. Jack ______ the report by the time it was due.hadn’t finished/ was finishing/ had been finishing
14. They _____ an argument when I arrived to celebrate Pete’s birthday.had been/were having/have had
15. I’m not sure where Jack was yesterday. He ______ visiting Tom.might was/might have been/couldn’t have been
16. If Hank _____ you were going to come, he would have made sure to be there.Knew/ had known/ was knowing
17. I found this gold coin while I _____ in the garden!Dug/had been digging/was digging
18. _____ the dog before they left on vacation?Had they fed/Were they feeding/Had they been feeding
19. He said he _____ yesterday.would come/had been coming/were coming
20. He ______ get up so early when he lived in Los Angeles.didn’t used to/didn’t use to/didn’t used to
21. Jack _________while Dave was cooking dinner..was studying/ had studying/ had studied
22. I __________________ TV when the telephone rang.Watched/ are watching/ was watching
23. Your mother had finished cooking before your father _________home last night.Had gone/ was going/ went
24. I _________abroad for twenty years when I received the transfer.had lived/ are living/ were living
25. Jane had studied in England before she _______her master’s at Harvard.Did/ done/ was doing