SPEAKING

DAILY EXPRESSION

1.    I dunno a shit        

Aku nggak tahu apa-apa

2.    I wanna take a leak

Aku ingin kencing

3.    I’ll take a dump

Aku akan buang air besar/berak

4.    I’ll get up at 5 sharp          

Aku akan bangun jam 5 pas

5.    I’ll take a bath

Aku akan mandi

6.    I’ll take a shower

Aku akan mandi

7.    I’ll brush my teeth

Aku akan gosok gigi

8.    I’m gonna wash my face

Aku akan cuci muka

9.    I’m gonna get dressed

Aku akan berpakaian

10.  I’m gonna get undressed

Aku akan lepas baju

11.  I’ll take a ritual ablution
Aku akan ambil wudlu

12.  I’ll have a dawn prayer
Aku akan shalat subuh

13.  I’ll have a midday prayer
Aku akan shalat dzuhur

14.  I’ll have an afternoon prayer
Aku akan shalat ashar

15.  I’ll have a west prayer
Akuakan shalat maghrib

16.  I’ll have an evening prayer
Akuakanshalat isya’

17.  I’ll have an optional prayer
Akuakan shalat sunnah

18.  I’ll have a midnight prayer
Aku akan shalat tahajjud

19.  I’ll have/eat breakfast
Aku akan sarapan

20.  I’ll have/eat lunch
Aku akan makan siang

21.  I’ll have/eat dinner
Aku akan makan malam

22.  I’ll have/eat supper
Akuakan makan tengah malam/sahur

23.  I’ll take rest
Aku akan istirahat

24.  I’ll go shopping
Aku akan belanja

25.  I’ll go to bed
Aku akan tidur

26.  I’ll stay up
Aku akan bergadang

27.  I’ll make a bed
Akuakan rapikan tempattidur

28.  I’ll take a nap
Akuakan tidur siang

29.  I’ll have a study club
Akuakan belajar bersama

30.  I’ll wash my dress
Akuakan cuci baju

31.  Hold on
Tunggu

32.  How come/How could it be?
Bagaimanaitu bisa terjadi?

33.  I beg your pardon
Ma’af/aku minta diulangi

34.  I doubt it
Akumeragukannya

35.  I don’t think so
Aku pikir nggak begitu

36.  I haven’t see you for ages
Lama nggak jumpa anda

37.  I hope not
Akuharap nggak terjadi

38.  I’m starving/I’m hungry
Akulapar

39.  You got BO
Kamubau

40.  Bullshit
Omongkosong

41.  You’re son of a bitch
Bangsat

42.  Fight like cat and dog
Bertengkarkaya kucing dan anjing

43.  I can’t stand anymore
Akunggak tahan lagi

44.  I had a crushed on her
Akunaksir dia

45.  You can’t let me down
Kamunggak boleh ngecewakanku

46.  What’s up?
Adaapa?

47.  It’ll blow you away
Bikinkamu happy

48.  What’s got into ya?
Ada apa denganmu?

49.  Break it up!
Hentikan!

50.  I’m gonna sue you pants off
Akuakan mempermasalahkan

  • Suggestions in English

should

“You should try to practise English.”
“You shouldn’t translate too much.”

Why don’t you

“Why don’t you join an English club?”

ought to

“You ought to read more.”

If I were you, I’d…

“If I were you, I’d watch more television.”

*All these expressions are followed by a verb, without to. For example: “He should visit the Eiffel Tower.” (Not “he should to visit the Eiffel Tower.”)

suggest and recommend

Either use a verb + ing
“I suggest visiting the Eiffel Tower.” (We should all go.)

OR use that + a verb without to
“I suggest that you visit the Eiffel Tower.” (I’m not going.)

OR use a noun
“I recommend the lasagne.” (It’s a very good dish to choose in this restaurant.)

advise

“I advise you to buy a good dictionary.”

advice

Advice is an uncountable noun. This means that we can’t say an advice. Instead, we say some advice or a piece of advice.

“Let me give you some advice.”

“She gave me a very useful piece of advice: to buy a good dictionary.”

Speaking tip

Many people don’t like getting advice if they haven’t asked for it! To avoid giving the wrong impression, you can try some of these expressions:

“You could always…”

“Have you considered…”

“Perhaps we could…”

“Do you think it’s a good idea to…”

There are many ways of giving advice in English. Here are some of the more common expressions.

“If I were you, I would…”

“Have you thought about…”

“You really ought to…” (‘ought’ is pronounced ‘ort’)

“Why don’t you…”

“In your position, I would…”

“You should perhaps…”

“You could always…”

Examples

If someone says “I’m having problems learning English”, you could say:

“If I were you, I’d sign up for an English course.”

“Have you thought about going to the UK for a couple of weeks?”

“You really ought to watch English television.”

“Why don’t you read more English books?”

“In your position, I would try and practise speaking English.”

“You should perhaps look at the english-at-home.com website.”

“You could always get a penpal.”

  • Giving your opinion neutrally

“I think…”

“I feel that…”

“In my opinion…”

“As far as I’m concerned…”

“As I see it…”

“In my view…”

“I tend to think that…”

  • Giving a strong opinion

“I’m absolutely convinced that…”

“I’m sure that…”

“I strongly believe that…”

“I have no doubt that…”

  • English expressions for asking someone’s opinion

“What do you think?”

“What’s your view?”

“How do you see the situation?”

Speaking Tip

Try to practise using these expressions, so that your speech sounds more varied!

  • Greetings


Two friends meeting

Friends often say “Hi” to each other. Then they often ask a general question, such as “How are you?” or “How are things?” or “How’s life?”

The reply to this question is normally positive.

“Fine thanks, and you?”

“Fine thanks, what about yourself?”

“Not bad.” Or “Can’t complain.”

  • Greeting people you don’t know

You can use “Hello” with people you don’t know, but a more formal greeting is “Good morning / afternoon / evening.”

The other person normally replies with the same greeting as you have used and then makes polite conversation, such as “How was your trip?” or “Did you find our office easily?”

  • Introducing yourself

  • At an informal party

“Hello, I’m Maria.” Or “Hello, my name’s Maria.”

The reply could be:

“Hi, I’m Sarah.” Or “Hello Maria, I’m Sarah.” Or “Nice to meet you, I’m Sarah.”

At work-related events

“I’d like to introduce myself. I’m Maria, from english@home.”

Or, “Let me introduce myself. I’m Maria from english@home.”

The reply could be:

“Nice to meet you. I’m Peter Mitchell, from Mitchell Creations.”

“Pleased to meet you. I’m Peter Mitchell, from Mitchell Creations.”

“How do you do? I’m Peter Mitchell from Mitchell Creations.”

  • Introducing other people


  • Introducing a friend to a work colleague

“Sarah, have you met my colleague John?”

“Sarah, I’d like you to meet my colleague John.”

Sarah says:

“Pleased to meet you, John.” Or “Nice to meet you, John.”

John could say:

“Nice to meet you too, Sarah.” Or “Hello, Sarah.”

  • Introducing clients

“Mr Mitchell, I’d like to introduce you to my manager, Henry Lewis.”

Mr Mitchell could then say:

“How do you do?” and Henry Lewis also says “How do you do?”

Or Mr Mitchell could say:

“Pleased to meet you.” Or “Good to meet you.”

Speaking Tip

How do you do?” is quite formal for British English speakers and the reply to this question is to repeat the phrase, “How do you do?” (as strange as that may sound!)

At a more informal party

When you introduce two of your friends to each other, you can simply say, “John, this is Sarah.”

Cultural considerations

At work, one person may have higher status – your boss, or a client, for example. It’s polite to address them as Mr / Ms until the situation becomes more informal.

If someone says, “Please call me (Henry)”, you know you can use first names. If someone uses your first name, you can use their first name too.

People in European and English-speaking cultures often shake hands when they meet someone for the first time.

* Don’t forget to smile! 🙂


  • Hopes

I’m hoping for (noun) (“I’m hoping for a new cell phone.”)

I’m hoping to get… (“I’m hoping to get a new phone.”)

I would like…

I really want… (Using “want” can be impolite unless you are talking to a close friend or family member.)

Something I’ve always wanted is…

I’d be delighted / over the moon if… (“I’d be delighted if you gave me a new watch.”)

What I’d like more than anything else is…

On my Christmas wish list is…

  • Preferences

I’d rather have (noun) (“I’d rather have tickets to the opera.”)

I’d rather you (simple past) (“I’d rather you saved your money.”)

I’d prefer (noun) (“I’d prefer some money for the new house.”)

I’d prefer it if you (simple past) (“I’d prefer it if you gave some money to charity.”)

….. would be more suitable / would be better

If I had a choice, I would go for…

If it’s all the same to you, …. (“If it’s all the same to you, I’d like some book tokens.”)

  • Asking to meet

“Are you available on the 17th?”

“Can we meet on the 16th?”

“How does the 3rd sound to you?”

“Are you free next week?”

“Would Friday suit you?”

“Is next Tuesday convenient for you?”

“What about sometime next week?”

Agreeing on a date

“Yes, Thursday is fine.”
“Thursday suits me.”
“Thursday would be perfect.”

  • Suggesting a different date

“I’m afraid I can’t on the 3rd. What about the 6th?”

“I’m sorry, I won’t be able to make it on Monday. Could we meet on Tuesday instead?”

“Ah, Wednesday is going to be a little difficult. I’d much prefer Friday, if that’s alright with you.”

“I really don’t think I can on the 17th. Can we meet up on the 19th?”

  • Setting a time

“What sort of time would suit you?”

“Is 3pm a good time for you?”

“If possible, I’d like to meet in the morning.”

“How does 2pm sound to you?”

  • Changing the arrangement

“You know we were going to meet next Friday? Well, I’m very sorry, but something urgent has come up.”

“I’m afraid that I’m not going to be able to meet you after all. Can we fix another time?”

“Something has just cropped up and I won’t be able to meet you this afternoon. Can we make another time?”

Responses

  1. i am most grateful to your indformation could you give me filial address in samarinda east kaltim thank.s regard


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